Hallein, the second largest city in the Salzburg district, has an historic section with narrow streets dating from the Middle Ages. This old part of town, which is protected as an historical site, is an inviting place to stroll, enjoy an ice cream or just relax. Already in the Middle Ages, salt, or “white gold” as it was known, was transported along the Salzach River making this area wealthy. In fact, the town’s name reflects this history: “Hall” is the Celtic word for salt.
Franz Xaver Gruber, one of the authors of the world famous hymn Silent Night, Holy Night, was born here, and a museum honoring him can be visited in the local church.